What Is Shell App in Android?

Android, Android Apps

What Is Shell App in Android?

A shell app, also known as a wrapper app, is a type of mobile application that acts as a container for web content. It allows developers to package websites or web applications into a native app format, making them easily accessible and discoverable on mobile devices.

Why Use Shell Apps?

Shell apps offer several advantages for both developers and users:

  • Improved User Experience: By using a shell app, website owners can optimize their content for mobile devices, providing users with a better experience. The app can take advantage of device-specific features such as notifications, camera access, and offline capabilities.
  • Better Performance: Shell apps are designed to load quickly and provide smooth navigation.

    They can cache web content locally, reducing the need for constant internet connectivity and improving overall performance.

  • Enhanced Discoverability: Publishing your website as a shell app allows it to be listed on app stores alongside other native apps. This increases its visibility and opens up new channels for user acquisition.

How Does a Shell App Work?

A shell app typically consists of two main components: the native shell and the web view.

The native shell, developed using native programming languages such as Java or Kotlin for Android, provides the basic structure and functionality of the app. It handles tasks like navigation, user interface elements, and integration with device features.

The web view is responsible for rendering the actual web content within the app. It acts as an embedded browser that displays the website or web application. The web view provides APIs that allow communication between the web content and the native shell.

Creating a Shell App

To create a shell app, you can use frameworks such as Apache Cordova (previously known as PhoneGap) or React Native. These frameworks provide the necessary tools and libraries to package your web content into a native app format.

Here’s a step-by-step guide:

  1. Install the Framework: Start by installing the Cordova or React Native framework on your development machine.
  2. Create a New Project: Use the framework’s command-line interface to create a new project for your shell app.
  3. Add Platforms: Specify the Target platforms (e.g., Android) for your app. This will generate the necessary project files and configurations.
  4. Add Plugins: If you need to access device features or use additional functionalities, you can add plugins provided by the framework.
  5. Configure Web Content: Copy and paste your website’s files into the appropriate directories within the project structure.
  6. Build and Test: Build your shell app and test it on emulators or physical devices to ensure everything works as expected.
  7. Publish: Once you are satisfied with your shell app, you can publish it to various app stores for distribution.


In summary, a shell app in Android is a mobile application that wraps web content into a native app format. It offers numerous benefits such as improved user experience, better performance, and enhanced discoverability. By using frameworks like Apache Cordova or React Native, developers can easily create shell apps that combine the power of web technologies with native functionalities.

So, if you have a website or web application that you want to make available as a mobile app, consider exploring the world of shell apps and unlock new possibilities for your online presence.