How Can I Use JavaScript in Android App?

Android, Android Apps

JavaScript is a powerful programming language that can be used to enhance the functionality of Android apps. By incorporating JavaScript into your app development process, you can create interactive and dynamic features that will delight your users. In this tutorial, we will explore how you can use JavaScript in your Android app.

Step 1: Set Up Your Development Environment

Before you begin using JavaScript in your Android app, you need to set up your development environment. Here are the steps:

  1. Install Android Studio: Download and install Android Studio from the official website.
  2. Create a New Project: Open Android Studio and create a new project.
  3. Add WebView Component: In your project’s layout file, add a WebView component. This component will be used to display web content in your app.

Step 2: Load JavaScript Code

To use JavaScript in your Android app, you need to load JavaScript code into the WebView component. Here’s how you can do it:

    android:layout_height="match_parent" />

WebView webView = findViewById(;

In the above code snippet, we first enable JavaScript support by calling `setJavaScriptEnabled(true)` on the WebView instance. Then, we load our JavaScript file using `loadUrl()` method and specifying the file path as `”file:///android_asset/your_javascript_file.js”`. Make sure to replace `your_javascript_file.js` with the actual file name.

Step 3: Communicate Between JavaScript and Android

One of the key benefits of using JavaScript in your Android app is the ability to communicate between JavaScript and native Android code. You can pass data between them and perform actions based on user interactions. Here’s how you can achieve it:

Call JavaScript Functions from Android

To call a JavaScript function from your Android code, use the `evaluateJavascript()` method:

webView.evaluateJavascript("your_javascript_function()", null);

This will execute the specified JavaScript function in your WebView.

Call Android Functions from JavaScript

To call an Android function from your JavaScript code, you need to expose a Java object to your WebView using `addJavascriptInterface()` method:

class WebAppInterface(private val mContext: Context) {
    fun showToast(message: String) {
        Toast.makeText(mContext, message, Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show()

webView.addJavascriptInterface(WebAppInterface(this), "Android");

In the above code snippet, we create a class `WebAppInterface` with a function `showToast()`. This function displays a toast message in our Android app.

We then add an instance of this class to our WebView using `addJavascriptInterface()` method, passing a reference to our interface instance and a name for it (in this case, “Android”). Now, we can call the `showToast()` function from our JavaScript code by using the `Android.showToast(“Your Message”)` syntax.


In this tutorial, we have learned how you can use JavaScript in your Android app. We covered setting up your development environment, loading JavaScript code into the WebView component, and communicating between JavaScript and Android code. By harnessing the power of JavaScript, you can create engaging and interactive features in your Android app.